The Cryptodira (Greek: hidden neck) are a suborder of Testudines that incorporates most living tortoises and turtles. Cryptodira contrast from Pleurodira (side necked turtles) in that they bring down their necks and pull the heads straight go into the shells, rather than folding their necks sideways along the body under the shells’ marginals. They include among their species freshwater turtles, snapping turtles, tortoises, softshell turtles, and sea turtles.



The Geoemydidae (once in the past known as Bataguridae) are one of the biggest and most assorted families in the order Testudines (turtles), with around 70 species. The family includes the Eurasian pond and river turtles and Neotropical wood turtles.

  • Cuora amboinensis (Malayan box turtle)
  • Cyclemys dentata (Asian leaf turtle)
  • Leucocephalon yuwonoi (Sulawesi forest turtle)
  • Heosemys spinosa (Spiny turtle)
  • Batagur baska (Giant river terrapin)
  • Orlitia borneensis (Malayan river terrapin)


Emydidae is a group of testudines (turtles) which includes close to 50 species for 10 genera. Members from this family are normally called terrapins, pond turtles, or marsh turtles.

  • Trachemys scripta elegans (Red-eyed at slider turtle)


The Chelidae are one of three living groups of the turtle suborder Pleurodira and are ordinarily called the Austro-South American side-neck turtles. The family is conveyed in Australia, New Guinea, parts of Indonesia, and all through a large parts of South America.

  • Chelus fimbriata (Matamata turtle)
  • Chelodina siebenrocki (Long-neck turtle)
  • Emydura suglobosa (Red-bellied short-neck turtle)
  • Elseya novaeguinaeae (Papuan snapping turtle)
  • Elseya branderhorsti (Brandershorst’s snapping turtle )


Tortoises are reptile types of the family Testudinidae of the order Testudines (the turtles). They are especially recognized from other turtles by being land-abiding, while many (however not all) other turtle species are at any rate incompletely amphibian.

  • Manouria emys (Asian brown tortoise)
  • Indotestudo forstenii (Forsten’s tortoise)
  • Geochelone carbonaria (Chery head tortoise/Red-footed tortoise)